|P.O. ENGINEERING DEPT.
Issue 3, 13.2.59
ELECTRICAL CLOCKS - PULSE TYPE
Clock No. 36
Clock No. 36 is an electrically controlled master clock having a 1 second beating pendulum. It provides
1 second, 6 second and half minute pulses for the operation of pulse clocks and telephone apparatus.
The picture to the right shows the general appearance of Clocks No. 36.
Half minute pulses of 200-500 ms duration are provided by a count wheel A, which has 30 teeth on its periphery. This wheel is rotated in a clockwise direction, one tooth for each complete swing of the pendulum, by means of pawl P attached to the pendulum rod B. On the count wheel A are two teeth set diametrically opposite to each other and cut much deeper than the remainder.
They permit the pawl P to drop lower and engage the lever-rod D at every half-minute. The lever rod is attached to a contact spring C, which moves to the right under the action of the pendulum and pawl, closing contacts C every half-minute.
3. Six second pulses of 200-500 ms duration are produced by a count wheel Al, which has 30 teeth and is rotated in an anti-clockwise direction by means of pawl P1, in a manner similar to that of the count wheel A. Each third tooth is cut deeper than the remainder, allowing pawl P1 to engage with the lever rod Dl, closing contacts
C1 every six seconds.
4. One second pulses of 200-500 ms duration are produced by contacts F which are operated at each
swing of the pendulum by the two axis E.
5. Clock drive
The swing of the pendulum is maintained by an electromagnet M having extended pole-pieces N, embracing the pendulum rod. Above
the pole-pieces and attached to the pendulum rod is a soft-iron armature T. Whilst the arc of oscillation of the pendulum lies outside a pre-determined minimum, the toggle
it trails over the notched agate S attached to the pendulum rod; but when the arc has declined to the minimum, the toggle
it engages in the notch in the agate and, on the return swing of the pendulum, the toggle is raised and
it's associated contact C2 closes. The driving battery is connected momentarily to the electromagnet M, and art impulse is imparted to the pendulum. A potential of 4 volts connected directly across the coil is required for satisfactory operation (see Dgm. GMT 32 and in addition, GMT 39/0 for Mk. 4, GMT 39/1 for Mk. 5, and GMT 39/2 for Mk. 6).
|Fig 2. Mk 4 Mechanism
||Fig 3. Mk 5 & 6 Mechanism
The clock must be mounted in a vertical position. To ensure this, a plumb register is fixed to the base inside the clock, so that when the clock is vertical the point V of the pendulum
is directly over the plumb register.
The swing of the pendulum is regulated by raising or lowering the brass-encased lead bob by means of the rating nut W. The
clock will gain if the bob is raised, or lose if it is lowered. It is possible to adjust the Clock No, 36 to keep G.M.T. to an accuracy of
8 seconds variation per week.
8. Sparking at contacts
A special resistor, having a resistance of 2,000 ohms, is fitted and wired to each set of pulse contacts to reduce sparking (see Dgm. GMT 32).
9. Clock No. 36, Mk. 4
This design of the clock is similar in operation to previous models but differs in construction in
the following respects:-
(a) Terminals and wiring
The terminals are located at the top of the clock immediately above the casting and the clock
is wired to Dgm. GMT 39/0.
The spring-sets are simple ‘make’ type instead of ‘make before break’, which enables a standard
spark quench to be used.
10. Clock No. 36, Mk. 5
This design is similar to the Mk. 4 version but differs in that synchronizing equipment (items K, L, J, H and G, of Fig. 2), which as no longer used, is not provided. The clock is wired to Dgm, GMT 39/1.
11. Clock No. 36, Mk. 6
This design is similar to the Mk. 5, but differs in that the Wiring is now in three single colours wired to Dgm. GMT 39/2. A label diagram LD 152 is also pasted inside the clock, showing the wiring. To avoid damage to the clock during transport, special mild-steel details have been fitted to bold the pendulum instead of the wooden blocks used previously, and the mechanism casting
is now bolted to the clock case.
Drawing No. 36 & 39.
|Clock No. 36 Mk 4
||Feet & Inches