Typical PB480 exchange shown
The PB480 is an extensible common-control
crossbar exchange that offers the latest facilities combined with proven switching
techniques and straight forward equipment practice.
The basic exchange caters for 120 internal extensions, 20 exchange lines and 1 desktop switchboard and is readily extensible up to 480 extensions, 60 exchange lines and 3 operator switchboards. Exchange lines can be replaced on a one-for-one basis by private-wire circuits.
Up to 10 individual private wire routes and five special services (such as dictation recording) can be accommodated.
The PABX employs simple 3-stage switching based on the well tried Plessey 5005 crossbar switch and has a high traffic-handling capability of 0.17 erlang per extension (or 17 per cent occupancy).
- FULL pressbutton operation, dependent upon public-exchange signalling arrangements.
- Modular construction
- 5005 crossbar switching principles
- High-quality speech
- Flexible numbering
- Attractive equipment units
- Quiet operation
- Low maintenance
- Simplified installation
- Extension Classifications
- Extensions can be arranged in any of three service classifications by appropriate wiring straps:
- Unrestricted allowing full traffic facilities.
- Trunk barred allowing full traffic facilities with the exception of trunk calls (special trunk discriminating equipment is provided).
- Barred direct access allowing external calls to be originated and received via the PABX switchboard only.
- Fully barred allowing internal calls only.
Extension-to-extension calls are unrestricted and keyed directly by the calling extension. Connection is released when either party clears.
Two distinctive types of ringing enable extensions to differentiate between internal and external calls.
Hold for Enquiry
Pressing the enquiry key once enables an extension to hold an established external call while making an enquiry call to another extension.
Add on Conference
A second operation of the enquiry key by the originating extension allows entry of the external caller to the enquiry connection, thus permitting 3-way conference. A third operation of the enquiry key returns the originating extension to the external caller.
When an. enquiry call has been established, the originating extension can offer the external call to the called extension and transfer it automatically by replacing the handset.
If transfer fails owing to misoperation by the extension originating it, the external call is automatically transferred to the PABX operator's switchboard.
An extension engaged on an external call can, on successive operation of the enquiry and '0' keys, signal the PABX operator for assistance.
Automatic Through Clearing
An external call is cleared immediately the extension user replaces the handset to terminate the call.
Pressbutton Signalling (PBS) and Selective Answering PBS for all extensions, inter-PBX lines and exchange lines.
Route Busy & Group Display
A 'busy' lamp is provided for each exchange line and inter-PBX line, illuminating the appropriate number on the glass indicator panel.
Also provided is an indication of the 10-line groups controlled by the switchboard(s):
Indication of Assistance Calls
Lamp & Tone Supervision of All Calls Connected by the Operator(s)
if any recall is extended by the PABX operator and not answered within 30-60 seconds, the call is automatically reverted to the PABX operator.
Ring when Free
This facility (also called 'camp on busy') is automatically applied on calls from the PABX operator to engaged extensions.
The operator(s) may intrude into any established connection, with warning tone.
The operator(s) can 'speak to extension' or 'speak to exchange' without overhearing by the other caller.
An incoming caller wishing to speak to several extensions in succession can receive special routing and supervision by the operator.
Prompt, Deferred and Charger-Fail Alarms
Incoming exchange calls during the night service period can be either routed to selected extensions or signalled by special bells
and answered by any extension by keying '8'.
PBX Group Hunting
Any 20 extensions in each 120-line unit can be formed into four hunting groups, each of five lines. Any call made to a group number will ring the first free telephone in the selected group.
This occurs if a call does not proceed within the permitted time following handset pick-up, causing the line to be 'parked'. Lockout also takes place if the line is faulty or if the caller fails to clear at the end of a call.
Calls can be made to or from other private exchanges automatically, or via the PABX operator.
- Loop/disconnect dialling for all extensions.
- Direct dialling-in (DDI).
- Extension-busy display panel(s).
- Transit switching of private-wire calls in conjunction with a PT100 tandem exchange.
- STD metering of extensions or exchange lines.
- Emergency reporting.
- Dictation recording.
- Data transmission by modem and Teleprinter to time-sharing computers.
- Staff location (Paging access)
- Absent-service diversion to nominated extensions.
- Loudspeaking direct-access master stations for senior executives.
The PB480 uses the link principle of trunking, with register control of routing. Selection of a free speech path is obtained by the well-tried self-steering principle as used in the 5005A main exchange. With this arrangement connection is made between two terminal points via a number of switching stages; simultaneous marking signals are applied to the two terminal points and a circuit via one of the available paths is completed without the aid of any external control circuits.
The automatic equipment is housed in double-sided floor, fixing cabinets (shown right)..
Sheet and angle-section steel is used for the structural framework which has an attractive dual smooth/textured finish in hemp beige and loam brown. Individual front and rear shelf covers of clear flame-retardant plastic afford convenient external viewing, good mechanical protection and a dust-free interior.
The covers, retained by metal hooks fixed to the cabinet sides, are reinforced along the hanging edge and firmly held against the cabinet frame by magnetic tape along the remaining edges. During inspection of the equipment a cover can be simply lifted from its mounting and 'parked' on the hooks retaining an adjacent cover. Three types of shelf module are used, equipped with (a) a crossbar switch with up to 16 bridges, (b) a 10 or 5 + 5 bridge crossbar switch and relays and (c) relays alone. Each shelf has its components clearly designated and can be swung forwards and downwards to a self-locking position for inspection and testing purposes.
Jack-in relay sets of 10, 20, 30 or 40 relay capacity, as required, are accommodated in the cabinets. Fuse panels and test jacks for battery and common services are mounted at the top of the cabinets.
The cabinet wiring terminates on tag blocks outside the main dust protected shelving, i.e. in the end suite of inter-rack frames, to which access is obtained via lift-off panels.
The tag block wiring is by solderless gun-wrapping, and p. v. c. insulated wire is used throughout.
External cabling enters via the top of the cabinets.
The number of cabinets required for particular line capacities is shown in the table
below. Two types of ringing and tone
equipment are available, together conforming to most standards adopted throughout the world. In each case the ringing and tone frequencies and the ringing current are generated by transistor type oscillators powered from 50V exchange supply.
PABX Operator's Switchboard
The operator's switchboard (shown right) occupies small space and matches the PABX equipment cabinets in colour scheme and finish.
The switchboards comprise of lamps, simple press-to-release and non-locking actions,
and pressbuttons in contrasting colour. In addition a Keyset is provided for use on both
internal and external calls. The dial is for emergency use only.
Up to three operator switchboards are provided to deal with the maximum of 60 public exchange lines.
Normally each operator deals with 20 exchange lines (i.e. two 10 line groups). Provision is made, however, for either one or two operators to deal with all exchange lines (when traffic is light) by preselecting particular 10 line groups as required.
The unit-construction principle of the exchange is used to give high system reliability, independent of component reliability. Each switching unit is continuously monitored and switches itself out of service if failure occurs. Provision is also made for checking that a call has been successfully established, and for a second attempt to be made via a different path if the check shows the first attempt failed to succeed. These and other fault-tolerant features enable service to be maintained with only a small loss of efficiency until it is convenient to take remedial action.
The exchange operates from a d.c. supply of nominally 50-volts negative, within the limits of 46 to 54 volts. A 50-volt positive supply is also required to cater for press button signalling (ITT Code C) and STD metering when provided; this supply is derived from a d.c./d.c. converter with an output sufficient for all PB480 sizes.
|Exchange Lines||Extension Lines||Distributor Cabinets||Router Cabinets|
|60||480||4||3 or 4|
At locations where power failures are rarely experienced the required 50-volt negative supply can be provided by a mains-operated power unit.
Plessey Publication No. 7318 (1973)
Private Automatic Branch Exchanges
PB480 MK 2A PABX
The PB480 is a crossbar private automatic branch exchange designed to meet the stringent needs of modern small-to-medium business establishments. It caters for low initial requirements of 96 internal extensions, up to 20 exchange lines and 1 desk-top operator's switchboard and is readily extensible up to 480 extensions, 60 exchange lines and 3 switchboards. Exchange lines are replaceable on a one-for-one basis for inter-PBX lines, and up to 10 inter-PBX routes and 5 special services (e.g. dictation recording) can be accommodated. Traffic handling capability is high (nominally 0.17 erlang per extension).
The system uses simple 3-stage switching based on well tried 5005 crossbar principles and employs press button operation (CCITT code C) throughout as standard.
However, provision is made for up to 24 conventional or special-purpose rotary-dial telephones (6 per 120 line distributor) working via special signal conversion equipment with long-line facility. Alternatively, arrangements can be made for the exclusive use of rotary-dial telephones.
The equipment is modular, highly standardised and uses plug-in design techniques for both cabling and equipment shelves to facilitate installation and to allow easy on-site expansion. Once installed the PB480 requires a minimum of testing before it is ready for service.
Extensions can be arranged in any of four service classifications by appropriate wiring straps. Unrestricted allowing direct access to the external network(s).
Trunk barred restricting direct access to the local-call area only, i.e. trunk levels 0 and 1 are barred.
Barred direct access allowing external calls to be set up by the switchboard operators only.
Fully barred allowing internal calls only.
The automatic equipment is accommodated in free-standing suites of double-sided racks mounted on a wooden plinth fixed to the floor. Each rack face (A and B) carries seven shelves of equipment comprising relays and/or crossbar switches. The relay and crossbar-switch modules are mounted between vertical supporting structures called inter-rack frames (IRFs). The space between two IRFs is bridged by tie bars, forming a rigid structure into which the modules are inserted.
Equipment modules are mounted on standard frames (or 'shelves') that can be swung forward and downward for inspection and maintenance. Individual shelf covers of clear flame-retardant plastic afford convenient external viewing and good mechanical protection. Each cover is edged with strips of magnetic tape to hold it firmly against the metal framework, providing an effective dust seal. During inspection of the equipment a cover is simply lifted off and can be conveniently parked on adjacent covers or framework.
A special panel, housing relays, lamp panels, test jacks and sockets is added to the IRF at the beginning of a suite; the complete structure is called a main end panel (MEP). Power cabling is fed down the MEP and terminated on the suite busbars at the bottom of the racks for connection to the power-distribution circuits. Inter-rack/suite cables and equipment-module cable forms are terminated by 28 or 36-way plugs clearly designated to facilitate connection to similarly designated positions on the IRF terminal field. All cabling, except power cabling, is carried along the top of the suite and down to the IRF terminal field. Connecting wires to the terminals have gun-wrapped solderless connections, and PVC insulated wiring is used throughout.
The complete suite is finished in an attractive smooth/textured finish in hemp beige, loam brown and lacquer red.
|Extension lines||Exchange lines||Control racks||Distributor racks||Router racks|
The desk-top operator's switchboard is of pleasing design and similar to the PABX equipment racks in colour scheme and finish. For space economy and simplified operation, control press buttons are provided with in-built supervisory lamps, simple press-to-release and non-locking actions, and contrasting colours. In addition, a Keyset is provided for use on both internal and external calls.
Up to three operator switchboards are provided to deal with the maximum of 60 external lines. Normally each operator controls 20 lines (i.e. two ten-line groups). Provision is made, however, for either one or two operators to handle all lines (when traffic is light) by selecting particular 10 line groups required.
The switchboard is 8.5in (216mm) high, 14in (356mm) wide and 16in (406mm) deep, and weighs approx. 33.7lb (15.3kg).
The out-of-order cabinet provides a quick and convenient means of preventing operator and extension access to any faulty external line. The line is isolated on operation of an appropriate key, with visual indication of the isolated line given at the cabinet and on the switchboard display panel. Busy conditions are returned to the public exchange.
The cabinet matches the equipment in colour scheme and finish, and is 14.8in (375mm) high, 23.7in (602mm) wide and 10.2in (260mm) deep, and weighs approx. 50lb (22.7kg).
Extension telephones are of the press button type employing DC (CCITT code C) signalling. Alternatively, when rotary-dial telephones are associated with the exchange, the BPO type 746 telephone is recommended for general extension use. However, any telephone of comparable performance can be used, having a dial with a 2:1 break/make ratio and a pulsing speed of 10 p/s.
Maximum extension-line loop resistance (including the telephone) is 1000 ohms. Exchange and inter-PBX line limits can be up to 1000 ohm depending upon the limits imposed by the remote exchange. Where optional dial-to-press button conversion equipment is used (press button exchange only) the extension-line loop resistance is increased to 2000 ohms.
The exchange operates from a -50V +/- 4V d. c. supply. A +50V d.c. supply is also required to cater for press button signalling and metering when provided; this supply is derived from a d.c./d.c. converter with an output sufficient for all PB480 sizes. At locations where power failures are rarely experienced the required -50V supply can be provided by a mains-operated power unit. However, where power failures cannot be tolerated (in hospitals, for example) or where the mains supply is particularly unreliable, the PABX can be powered from a float-charged battery having a 24 hour reserve.
Ringing and Tones
Ringing current and tones are generated by transistor-type oscillators powered from the -50V exchange supply. BPO-type ringing-and-tone frequencies and cadences are provided as standard. Standby equipment is provided and, in the event of failure, the changeover to standby is automatic.
Reliability and Maintenance
System switching is continually monitored and any degradation in the quality of service is automatically alarmed. Provision is also made for checking that a call has been successfully established and for a second attempt to be made if the check shows that the first attempt failed.
Associated in-built/portable maintenance aids identify, busy-out and test units involved in switching failures, enabling speedy location of faults.
PUBLICATION No. 7468, 2/76
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