EARLY GPO TELEPHONES


Click on some of the pictures for more information

Gower-Bell Telephone

The Gower-Bell Telephone Company was formed in 1880.  The Gower-Bell telephone (a combination of a Gower receiver and a Gower transmitter) had first been manufactured by Messrs Scott and Wollaston with a licence issued to them from The Telephone Company Ltd in 1879.  Gower ultimately acquired the licence and formed the company, which supplied the Post Office with 20,000 telephones.  The company was eventually taken over by the Consolidated Telephone Construction and Maintenance Company who continued to supply the GPO with this instrument.

The telephone below is using a "pencil" type transmitter.

Click here for more Gower-Bell information

 

Horse Collar Telephone

 

 

Crossley desk telephone
Made by Emmot and Blakey and supplied to the Post Office in 1881

This was the first telephone supplied to the Post Office.  The receiver hangs on a hook on the front of this telephone. 
This hook activates the telephone.
This is how you get the saying "go off hook" or "go on hook".

 

 

Ader Telephone with two way switching unit
Blenheim Palace UK

 

 

United Telephone Company telephone with Blake transmitter (1880)
Sometimes called "The Marriage" as it was one of the first telephones containing a carbon transmitter with an electromagnetic receiver
Probably the first pedestal telephone!


 


Telephone with Johnson Transmitter

 

 

Telephone with Johnson Transmitter

 


 

Edison Company's Telephone with Chalk Cylinder Receiver (1879)

 


 

 
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Last revised: July 23, 2021

FM