GPO Vehicles

Make Morris
Model J and JB Types
Type 10cwt Van, Type 1 (Morris)
Body Builder  
Use Utility
Registration Number NYH 280
Fleet Number U66436 to U66570 (NYH 280 - 414) 1953
U67526 to U67620 (OYF 224 - 318) 1953
U68429 to U64560 (PUL 480 - 611) 1954
U69827 to U69999 (RGK 491 - 663) 1955
U76000 to U76066 (RGK 664 - 730) 1955
U77490 to U77526 (SHG 573 - 609) 1955
U77961 to U80065 (TGC 666 - 770) 1956
U82474 to U82491 (YLH 74 - 91) 1959 (JB)
Date of picture March 1954

This style of vehicle was the Morris Commercial J or JB Type.  The J Type was produced between 1949 to 1957 and the JB between 1957 and 1961.  The J Type is fitted with a 1476 cc four-cylinder side-valve engine, whilst the JB Type had an overhead valve 1489 cc, BMC B-Series engine.

These GPO vehicles were fitted with front and rear wings made of rubber.
Because of this the headlamps and sidelights are fixed to the side panel.


B 3602
Issue 2, 2.9.63

The 10-cwt. Van, Type 1 (Morris)

1. General
This Instruction describes the 10-cwt. Van, Type 1 (Morris). The vehicle has been designed for use by two-man parties not requiring a ladder longer than a Ladder, Extension, No. 5 (8 ft. 4 in. closed, 20 ft. extended). It is suitable for many two-man jointer parties.

2. Facilities - Cab
Two seats are provided , one for the driver and one for a passenger.  The driver's seat is adjustable in the forward and rearward directions. The passenger's seat may be tipped forward o removed to facilitate access to the vehicle battery housed beneath this seat.

3. Mounted above the engine cover is a folding writing table with a sliding support, which is pulled out when the table is extended to avoid undue strain on the flap hinges. To gain access to the engine, the table may be raised and supported by the hinged engine cover. Also the complete table may be removed by loosening the two wing nuts which secure it just below the near-side windscreen.

Later issues of this type of vehicle have the folding writing table supported in the raised position by a press catch on the near-side windscreen pillar and a rexine strap stowed under the table.

4. A padlocked compartment adjacent to the battery compartment below the passenger's seat provides accommodation for all the vehicle tools, with the exception of two long sections of the lifting-jack handle, which are secured in spring clips alongside the passenger's seat

5. Storage
Situated behind the driver, and let into the top portion of the screen, is a locker divided into two compartments, one for E.I.s, books and papers etc, and the other for personal effects. Each is closed by a sliding door. The off-side door is secured in the closed position by a bolt on the inside and the other door may be padlocked.

6. Two hat and coat hooks are mounted on the wire mesh partition behind the passenger's seat.

7. Lights
Lighting in the cab and body is controlled by a three-position switch mounted on the screen behind the driver.

8. Sliding doors
For normal driving conditions the cab sliding doors should be shut, but in foggy weather or when manoeuvring in a congested space, it may be found an advantage to have the doors open and they should then be secured in the open position by the turn catches situated near the bottom of the door.

9. Body
The body is separated from the cab by a fixed wire-mesh screen to provide security for the contents of the body when the vehicle is garaged, with rear doors locked and the cab doors left unlocked.



10. A second floor is mounted 8 in. above the floor of the body, with. a loose section between the wheel arches which can be removed to gain access to the rear axle trap. The picture above shows the loose floor section and axle trap removed. The space between the floors is divided into two compartments, that on the offside will accommodate a Ladder, Extension, No. 5, and that on the near-side such items as digging tools, pruning rods, and 5-tread folding steps, etc. On the floor immediately in front of the near-side compartment a Box, Tool, Jointer's may be conveniently accommodated to the right. Rack units type A and B are fitted on the near-side of the body for small items of stores and equipment.

11. The layout mentioned above is a typical one suitable for a two-man jointer party. The vehicle is, however, equally adaptable to the requirements of other two-man parties.

12. Behind the tent sections, if carried, is a convenient space for carrying such large items as Generator Set, P.E.D.; Pumps, Portable, P.E.D. and hose; Guard, Joint Box; and Lamps, Road, Caution, etc.

13. Maximum load
The maximum load that this vehicle may carry is 12 cwt. exclusive of driver and one passenger. If in doubt a simple check can be made by weighing the vehicle in its moving condition, i.e. complete with contents, personnel, full petrol tank, etc. This gross moving weight must not exceed 40 cwt. Weighbridge charges involved should be passed to Freight and Cartage.

14. Towing facilities
To provide a fixing for a towing clevis, the rear bumper mounting bar has been reinforced and holes drilled to accommodate the standard pin-type clevis. The van will not be supplied with the clevis, but one will be fitted on request to the R.M.T.O., provided:-

  1. trailer tool-carts only are to be towed

  2. the Area Engineer is satisfied that the facility is necessary

  3. the local terrain to be traversed is free from steep and difficult gradients.

When the vehicle is carrying its maximum load and towing a fully-laden trailer tool-cart (approximate weight 12 cwt.) a gradient greater than I in 7 must not be attempted.

IMPORTANT - Applications for the fitting of the lowing clevis must be restricted to those cases where it is essential that the towing facility be provided, and in no circumstances must trailers other than trailer tool-carts be towed.

15. Locking arrangements
Yale-type ignition keys and barrel locks secure the near-side cab door and rear doors. The off-side cab door is fitted with an inside turn button. As the suite range of the barrel locks is limited, a hasp and Padlock, G.I., 1.25 in. is provided on the rear doors to give additional security. Padlocks in the same suite are provided for the locker above the wire-mesh screen and for the tool locker. It is advisable to keep all three padlocks to one suite.

16. Spare wheel
This is housed below the vehicle floor, and to remove it the hinged rear number plate should be slid towards the near-side to release a spring-loaded catch, and then be raised out of the way.

17. Damage to paintwork
Attempts to retouch any scratched or damaged part should not be made by staff using the vehicle. Work of this nature is undertaken by the Workshop Supervisor/Mechanic-in-Charge when necessary and during periodic overhauls.

18. Garaging
The overall dimensions of the van are: length 12 ft. 9 in., width 5 ft. 8 in., and height 6 ft. 9 in. If several vehicles have to be garaged together, space should be allowed for gangways, etc., bearing in mind that this vehicle has sliding doors which permit close parking.

19. The speed limit of the vehicle is 40 m.p.h. except when towing a trailer (see D 0022).

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Last revised: February 04, 2021