The Central Battery system is defined as a system in which the whole of the energy required for the transmission and signalling is drawn from the exchange.  No batteries or hand generators are used at the telephone end and the calls are automatically signalled, by means of lamps, on the exchange switchboard.  Supervisory lamps indicate to the operator when callers have cleared down.

This system achieves substantial savings and good quality transmission by means of the central power source.  The need for local power and hand generators was only retained for test telephones, large PMBX's, certain extension plans and some private circuits.

Central Battery (Central Battery) Sets

Wall Instruments

The standard wall telephone was Telephone No. 121 Central Battery.  With the spread of the automatic system since 1912, when the first automatic exchange in Britain was installed at Epson, it is desirable that the telephones used on automatic and Central Battery manual systems should be interchangeable, and this telephone provides this facility.  Behind the notice frame is an aperture for accommodating a dial which is required when the instrument is to be used on an automatic system, and the internal connections of the instrument are so arranged that the dial may be readily connected.  Terminals marked l, 2, 3, 4, and 5 are those required for the dial connections.

Diagram 206 is a schematic diagram of the connections and applies to the majority of Central Battery telephones, whether wall or table types; the action of the induction coil connected across the A and B wires, whilst, when the receiver is removed, the wires are looped through the primary winding of the induction coil and the transmitter.  The impulsing springs of the dial occupy the position marked X in the diagram when the telephone is used on an automatic system.

An earlier form of wall set is the Telephone No. 101; it is similar in appearance to the Telephone No. 121 Central Battery, except that no facility is provided for the addition of a dial.  A still earlier form of wall set is the Telephone No. 1.

Table Instruments

The standard table telephone is the Telephone No. 150 Central Battery.  This instrument is incomplete, and the induction coil, magneto bell, and 2uF condenser are provided by a Bell Set No. 1.  The base of the telephone contains space for a dial, required for use when the telephone is connected to an automatic system; when used on a Central Battery system, this space is covered by a dummy dial which accommodates the instruction label.

An earlier form of table set is the Telephone No. 2.  This telephone is used with a bell set, and the connections are similar to those of the Telephone No. 150 except that no facility for the addition of a dial is provided.

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Last revised: August 15, 2011