CB Pedestal Telephone

Golfball Candlestick
When the Post Office purchased the National Telephone Company (NTC) it continued to use NTC telephones for a period of time.  A few examples with G.P.O. engraved on the upright stem of NTC pedestal  telephones have been seen over the years.  The transfers having been removed.  Many of the early telephone books by Preece, Aitken and others show this type of telephone as current subscribers apparatus and it is thought that these Golfball candlesticks were just used in Europe.

The Golfball candlestick (named after the bulbous section in the middle of the stem) was made by the British Western Electric Company and based on the Western Electric No. 10 Candlestick.  The B.P.O. called this the Telephone No. 2 and was first used by the National Telephone Company.  They were generally nickel plated.  Early examples still have their transfers on them.

Jan Verhelst has also found circuit diagrams and pictures in Belgium documentation from 1955.  The Belgium diagram is DMT: 451-20 and refers to the telephone as the HA-BTM.  This telephone also has a dial (which looks like a Western Electric dial), but still retains a very basic transmission circuit.


Telephone No.2 (Transmitter No. 1) Telephone No. 2 (Transmitter No. 22)

GPO Telephone No. 2
Introduced around 1906, this was a replacement for the NTC Golfball and believed to have originated from the British Western Electric Co.  This was for use on C.B. circuits and had no provision on the telephone for a number label.  The early GPO variant used a Transmitter No. 1 which could have Label No. 43 fitted between the speaking tube and body of the transmitter.  This label advised of the Exchange name and number.  There are no components fitted inside the telephone except for the switch hook springs - as there was no room, so a Bellset No. 1 was normally provided, or later a Bellset No. 25.

This telephone had all components finished in black.  There were no transfers and no unpainted brass parts.

A hook could be fixed to the neck to support a Watch Receiver.

The Transmitter No. 1 was replaced by the Transmitter No. 22 circa 1932.  This gave superior transmission qualities.

The original Mark 234 was superseded by the Mark 235 in 1911.

The switch hook contact springs consisted of three contacts that made contact with each other on operation.

Early table telephones were connected to the internal wiring with a Rosette or latter with a Strip, Flexible Cord Connection.  Click here for more information.

Many GPO Telephone No. 2's were converted, by the GPO factories division, to Telephone No. 150's after recovery from customers premises.

This telephone was in the 1928 Rate book but not available in the 1946 Rate Book.

Telephone included (1928):-
2 x Cords, Instrument No. 116.
1 x Cord, Instrument No. 222.
1 x Cord, Instrument No. 302.
1 x Hook, Receiver F.
1 x Label No. 43.
1 x Receiver, Bell No. 1A.
1 x Transmitter No. 1.

Superseded by Telephone No. 156LB in 1947.

Supplied by British Ericsson, their Model No. CG1200.

GPO Telephone No. 2A
This model is mentioned in the 1928 and 1946 Rate Book.  It was used on Phonogram and Telegram circuits.

Telephone included (1946):-
2 x Cords, Instrument No. 1/16E, Black, 12".
1 x Cord, Instrument No. 2/22B, Brown, 33".
1 x Cord, Instrument No. 4/22A, Brown, 72".
1 x Hook, Receiver F.
1 x Label No. 43.
1 x Plug No. 404.
1 x Receiver, Bell No. 1A.
1 x Transmitter No. 22.

GPO Telephone No. 2B
This is only mentioned in the 1928 Rate Book and differs from the Telephone No. 2A in so much as it has a Plug, No. 406 fitted.  It was used on Phonogram and Telegram circuits.

Circuit diagram - N102.

Drawing - 62901 (Mark 235 dated 1911).

Specification - D202.

See also the Telephone Efficiency Committees Report on Common Battery Area telephones.

Click here for pictures of a Candlestick before refurbishment

Click here for Candlestick construction and how to dismantle the phone

Candlestick construction

Candlestick Manufacturing (Messrs Keitmann)

Collectors Information - what to look for

Telephone mouthpiece sanitisers

The "Golfball" Telephone
By Laurence Rudolf

In 1901 there were two markets in the U.K. for the Golfball pedestal telephone, the General Post Office (GPO) and the National Telephone Company (NTC).  How can you distinguish between the two types of Golfball?  In the first version the GPO  example had GPO engraved on the side of the open terminal receiver.  The NTC example had a gold transfer of their name on the top of the black base.(3)  On the side of the black base there was a second gold transfer Western Electric Co Ltd, Antwerp.

Subscriber's Desk Set
The Golfball was quite innovative.  The solid back transmitter is hinged at the top to a vertical rod, which can be pulled out about 1½ inches for adjustment of height.(4)  On some Golfballs there was a hook fitted directly opposite the switch hook arm to take a watch receiver.  This allowed a second person to listen in on the telephone call.  One of these appears on the cover of the 1902 Western Electric London Company catalogue.(5)  An image of how it is wired is shown.(6)  In the U.S.A. the Bell Telephone Company and Western Electric Company decided that it would not be practical to export telephones and switchboards to Europe.  European manufacture was the solution.

On 26th April 1882 the Bell Telephone Manufacturing Company (BTMC) was founded, and opened a factory in Antwerp in Belgium.  Its ownership was shared between Bell and Western Electric.

The BTMC factory quickly evolved a range of European phones to compete.  In the earliest models, they used some parts brought in from other manufacturers until they could design their own versions.  In other phones, they copied local styles.  Most of these designs never made it back to the U.S., and are now uncommon. In particular, they developed their own desk sets long before the U.S.A. brought them into use. (1)

BTMC produced various telephones.  Around 1901 they mass produced a desk set and a wall set.  These were to be the standard telephones used in the U.K. for many years to come.  The Western Electric wall set has been covered previously in an article by Bob Estreich (2).  The Western Electric Company Subscriber's Desk Set was  given the nickname "Golfball".  This was because of the bulbous section in the middle of the stem that housed the switching mechanism. From now this article will refer to the telephone as the Golfball.

The first version of the Golfball had a switch hook arm that was open at the end.  This design was the same as the switch hook arm, that appeared on U.S.A. telephones at that time.  The Golfball manufactured in Antwerp, Belgium was only sold to the European market.  The BTMC Golfball was in the BTMC Catalogue of 1912 and shows their Model 23589 which had a aluminium stem and a black enamelled base (13).

In the factory photo (7) there could be as many as 1,000 Golfballs ready to go out for distribution.  In the NTC brochure "The Universal Time Saver 1906", an article features the Golfball and Wall Set.

(8) In another brochure Twentieth Century Telephone Service for Hotels and Residential Buildings 1907, (9) it states amongst others that the Golfball was supplied to the following hotels in London, such as The Russell, Hyde Park, Ritz, Savoy and Waldorf.  In 1909 the NTC devised a coin-collecting box for use with the Golfball telephone. For use at large stores, to enable a counter pay service to be at the disposal of customers.  The measurements of the box are 4" x 4" x 3".  It is just sufficient to hold the pennies for one day's calls at a busy counter.  The box has the NTC bell logo on the side.  The brochure states that: "Between 400 and 500 have been fitted in London, and are serving their purpose admirably". (10)

GPO Golfball NTC Golfball

In October 1909 the GPO supplied a telephone system to Harrods that gave them 214 extension circuits.  Of these, 76 were Golfball counter telephones with special coin-collecting boxes that could be used by customers. (11)

In the second version of the Golfball there had been a few minor changes.  The GPO example no longer had GPO engraved on the side of the receiver, instead, it was engraved on the aluminium stem.  For the NTC example the aluminium stem was painted black obliterating the GPO markings.  NTC transfer was then added to the black base. The switch hook arm is now rounded at the end.

Golfball With Coin-Collecting Box
In 1912 with the take over of the NTC by the GPO, all Golfball telephones were now the property of the GPO.  Later examples of the Golfball had No.2 engraved on the side of the rod that held the transmitter.  This was the standard pedestal set used by the GPO at that time.  It is believed that this telephone continued to be the standard issue until it was redesigned.

The red GPO diagram book of 1909 (12) has diagrams for the Golfball No. 2 and the redesigned stem wired No. 2.  It is thought that both designs were manufactured side by side for quite a few more years to come.  The Golfball would have been in service for at least ten years if not even longer.  During that period, many thousands of Golfballs would have been produced.

The Post Office N-diagrams appeared in 1917.  There was never an N diagram for a Golfball. Telephone engineers would have been issued with their new black book of N-diagrams but it is most likely that they still carried the red book of 1909 diagrams with them.  It could be assumed that by 1917 the Golfball was being phased out.

Golfball with Coin Collecting Golfball wiring layout


(1) The "European Bell and Western Electric Telephones", by Bob Estreich.

(2) The "Western Electric Model 265" by Bob Estreich.

(3) "National Telephone Company" Golfball, Wollaton Industrial Museum, Nottingham.

(4) Practical Telephone Handbook, Poole 3rd edition, 1906 page 124.

(5) "Western Electric Company" London, Catalogue, 1902 (front cover picture).

(6) Practical Telephony, Bell & Wilson 4th edition, 1906 page 145.

(7) Post Office Stores 1901, negative E266. B.T. Archives.

(8) The Universal Time Saver, National Telephone Company, brochure, 1906 B.T. Archives.

(9) Twentieth Century Telephone Service for Hotels and Residential Buildings, National Telephone Company, brochure, 1907, B.T Archives.

(10) London and its organisation, National Telephone Company Journal, October 1909 page 137 and continued December 1909 page 179, B.T. Archives.

(11) New telephone Installation at Harrods. I.P.O.E.E.J. 1910, Volume 3, page 137.

(12) Connections of Telephonic Apparatus and Circuits. General Post Office, HMSO 1909.

(13) BTMC Catalogue 1910.

Minor additions have been made to the above article.

Western Electric advert showing Golfball



Golfball Advert 1905


GPO Holloway Factory, North London (Picture dated 1901)


GPO Golfball


Golfball telephone at the Ritz Hotel in London (Picture dated 1900)


Western Electric Candlestick

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Last revised: January 31, 2023